Health & Medicine

Hookworm infection: Is it contagious?

hookworm-infection

Hookworm is an intestinal parasite which lives in the small intestine and causes various intestinal diseases. Hookworm infection can affect people of all age groups. Though there are different species of hookworm the most two common species which affect humans include Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus.

In this article, let’s read and understand more about hookworm infection, symptoms, preventive measures and treatment. Just read on the article and learn more about it.

Does hookworm spread?

Yes! The eggs from an infected person can spread to healthy individuals through the faeces. The eggs hatch and forms larvae which can penetrate through the skin, lungs, or intestines and cause infection. The hookworm may be transmitted while walking barefoot on the contaminated soil also it can be transmitted through the ingestion of larvae.

Infections are more commonly seen among school-goers & cause protein deficiency and anaemia in children. But, the continuous attack of worms and the deficiency of protein may invite much serious health concern including mental development and retard growth. Also, individuals who are in warm climates with poor sanitation and poor hygiene have increased risk of developing hookworm infection.

What are the symptoms of hookworm infection?

Generally, individuals with hookworm infection develop rashes and itchiness followed by diarrhoea. Here we have listed a few common symptoms seen in individuals infected with hookworm and those include:

  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Extreme tiredness and weakness
  • Weight loss
  • Anaemic
  • Protein deficiency
  • Loss of appetite
  • The skin rash in one particular area
  • Abdominal pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Cramping
  • Intestinal cramps

How hookworm infection is diagnosed?

If you have any of the above-listed symptoms, consult a doctor immediately. Your doctor will thoroughly do a physical examination and may suggest you stool test to look for the presence of hookworms. If your test reports show positive, your doctor may suggest medicines to eradicate parasites. Order prescription medicines from a trusted online pharmacy store and avail amazing discounts on every order you place. Care should be taken to improve nutritional deficiencies and to increase protein content through food.

What preventive measures do you need to follow to protect from hookworm infection?

Here we have discussed a few tips to prevent yourself from the hookworm infection. Check them out below:

  • Avoid barefoot walk and wear shoes or other protective things while walking on the sand.
  • Avoid skin contact with sand to prevent infection.
  • Regular deworming of pets will reduce the risk and transmission of environmental zoonotic contamination.
  • Avoid defecating in open areas.
  • Prompt disposal of animal faeces prevents the hatching of the eggs and soil contamination.
  • Avoid consuming unwashed foods.
  • Wear safety precautions such as mask, gloves, and shoes while you are working in your garden.
  • Practice proper hand hygiene.

Treatment for hookworm infection?

Hookworm infection can be treated in 1 to 3 days with medications prescribed by your doctor. Sometimes if you are suffering from anaemia, your doctor may prescribe iron supplements along with your regular medications to ease the symptoms. Order OTC products and supplements from a reliable online medicine site and get them delivered at your doorstep.

Proper deworming, effective sewage disposal system, and following good hygienic standards helps reduce the risk of getting hookworm larvae found in the dirt & contaminated faeces

lakshmi krishnanunni
written by: lakshmi krishnanunni
I am a content writer for Zoylo Digihealth which is an online healthcare platform offering a number of healthcare services under one umbrella. I hold M.sc., M.phil in Biochemistry and I have strong proficiency in the subject areas of immunology, cell biology, and molecular biology, to name a few. I have more than 10 years of research experience in the field of medicinal plants, nanotechnology and clinical research. My expertise in the above domains has greatly assisted me in writing medical, health and research-based articles. I aim to provide research-based information in a simple and easily comprehensible way to the readers. In my spare time, I love to experiment with various cuisines and enjoy painting, travelling, and gardening.
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